Any foot covering in the form of shoes, boot, slippers, or house used for utility is called footwear. So the footwear can be of different types such as sandal, shoe, boot etc.
Functions of footwear:
Protection: The shoe protects the foot against cold and heat, abrasion and injury, soil and grime, hard or rough ground surfaces.
Comfort: A shoe is designed and engineered to be worn with comfort satisfaction and without distress.
Foot health: A shoe is partly responsible for maintaining the foot in sound health via proper design, construction and fit.
Esthetics: A shoe is decorative article to satisfy the wearer’s eye-appeal or what we call fashion.
Functional performance: A shoe is designed and constructed to comply with the foot’s special functional requirements under a wide range of dynamic conditions.
Fig : Footwear
Different types of footwear
Any open type footwear with minimum amount of upper is called sandal whose upper can be made by either straps or large number of cut outs
A backless footwear with or without a heel is known as mule. It can be used both a slipper and a shoe but mainly for slippers and ladies fashion.
A thick sole wooden shoe sometimes with leather upper is called clog.
A slip on shoe not extending beyond or above the vamp and quarter top lines, held onto the foot without a fastening is known as pump shoe.
A laced low cut shoe in which the vamp overlaps quarters and originated in oxford England is called oxford shoe.
A laced, low cut shoe in which the quarter’s overlaps vamp and reverse of an oxford is called derby shoe.
A moccasin is a shoe where the upper is one piece of leather on which the foot rest and which is drawn up around the foot.
Any footwear extending above the ankle is known as boot.