American civil war of 1812 : Summary, Timeline and Significance

Published on 10-Oct-2022

American civil war of 1812

The War of 1812 lasted from June 18, 1812, to February 17, 1815. The United States of America and its indigenous allies fought the war against the United Kingdom and its allies in British North America. There was also limited participation by Spain in Florida. The war officially began when the U.S. declared war on June 18, 1812. However, peace terms were agreed upon two years later, in December 1814. The Treaty of Ghent did not officially take place until Congress ratified the peace treaty on February 17, 1815.

The war of 1812 was the first declared war of the United States of America. The war holds importance in U.S. history because of the British impressment of the American sailors. Many American sailors were kidnapped by the British, enslaved, and sold to Britain. The criminal act disrupted peaceful shipment and trade. The British were also fighting another war in their own country against Napoleon. The war is known as the Napoleonic war. The kidnapping made the trade for America difficult, and the British took more men to fight in the Napoleonic wars.

There were almost 12 thousand soldiers sent to fight in the war of 1812, but most of them were hanging in the camp and drinking alcohol. America had 17 battleships, whereas the British had 1000. America was poor compared to the money the British spent on the war. The real fight began in 1814 after British soldiers won the Napoleonic wars and finally started to attack America. The British soon gained more power, took over Washington D.C., and burned the White House on fire.

Meanwhile, American troops were winning several conflicts on the sea and in New Orleans. The most causalities of the war were the American Indians Tribes. Soon the Peace treaty was signed as the British knew America was a good customer for trade. It was a political move, so the British could have more support if they went against France. Finally, the war ended on February 17, 1815.

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