Mexican - American war
The Mexican–American War, which also is known as Intervención estadounidense en México, translates to United States' intervention in Mexico. It was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexican Army, which lasted for two years, from 1846 to 1848. The war was followed by the 1845 American annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered Mexican territory. The war did not recognize the Velasco treaty signed by Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna when he was a prisoner of the Texian Army during the 1836 Texas Revolution.
The Republic of Texas was an independent country, but America wanted to conquer the area as one of its states. The United States Army won a grand victory in the war. However, more than 13,000 soldiers were killed during the conflict. America fulfilled its wish to expand its territories in the North American continent, and Mexico lost more than half of its regions.
After the signing of the Peace Treaty, Mexico received 18 million dollars as compensation from America. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed on February 2, 1848, at Guadalupe Hidalgo city of Northern Mexico. The treaty brought an official end to the Mexican-American War after two years of violent conflicts.