The Amazon: Largest Rainforest in the World

Published on 14-Oct-2022

Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon is the largest tropical rainforest in the world world. It covers a vast spread of some South American countries. The forest covers most of northwestern Brazil to Columbia. It also shares parts of Peru. The Amazon is called the rainforest because of its unconditional rainy weather. The Amazon forest is a living place for more than 20 million people. It is also home to many species of the animal kingdom. According to many scientific experiments, it is concluded that one out of ten known species in the world is in the Amazon. Amazon is so big that many species are still unknown to Earth. The Amazon controls eight countries' weather systems. They are Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Columbia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. The twenty million people living under the forest clouds are mostly known to be indigenous populations. The populations living in Brazil and, Peru, the Amazon forest are mostly tribes. The tribal people are out of contact with the rest of the world world. That is why they are called to be "uncontacted tribes." The Department of French Guiana is an outskirt of France, but the population is indigenous. 

Geography of the Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon forest starts from the Atlantic Ocean, extends to the east, and travels west of the Andes tree forest. The forest is 200 miles wide along the Atlantic and 1200 miles wide in the Andean hills. Brazil covers more than sixty percent of the whole Amazon forest. The Andean forest formed way before the Amazon forest. The Andes were created 15 million years ago because of the collision of the two largest plates under South America. The South American plate collided with the Nazca plate. The collision caused the Andes to rise, and Brazil connected with Guyana blocks. This blocked the river entrance, and the Amazon became the largest inland sea forest. The forest known today took a slow process of formation of 50 million years. The Amazon is gifted with lots of minerals and harvest space. The Amazon is home to more than 400 billion trees. Much of the world's oxygen level depends on the Amazon forest. 

The Problems of Amazon Forest

The Amazon forest takes care of more than ten percent of the world's species and insects. A balance in the animal kingdom is very important for a balance in climate control. The forest faces many environmental threats because of illegal farming and mining. The forest is filled with valuable minerals, including gold. The unregistered mining is mostly done by greedy people who do not care about the forest. This is also dangerous for the living animals in the rainforest. The uncontrolled farming, ranching, and mining are a threat to the forest wilderness. The urban development in the forest with the construction of infrastructures is also a problem. The forest is going through climate change and dangerous forest fires. Since 2019 more than 200 million trees got burnt due to forest fires. The forest fire killed hundreds of animals too. There was a 16.7 percent increase in forest fire spots in 2022. The tribes of the Amazon are also facing difficulty in their livelihood and food source. The uncalled fires also destroy their houses and belongings. 

The Food Produced in the Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon is responsible for many of the world's food sources. From fresh vegetables and fruits, many rare spices come from the world's tropical forests. Many American Indian tribes live beside the Amazon River in their villages. They grow vegetables and hunt fish for their food source. The food from the rainforest includes Brazilian nuts, cocoa, coffee, and avocados. The vanilla sticks also come from the tropical forest, which is one of the rare spices. The major products of tropical forests are banana, rubber, and coconut trees. Many of the rainforest's trees provide chemicals used for several medicine productions. 

Animals of the Amazon tropical Forest

The Amazon rainforest is home to more than 100 million animal species. Many almost extinct animals can be found in the Amazon tropical forests. The Amazon is known to be the place where jaguars, harpy eagles, and pink river dolphins are found. It is also the home of black spider monkeys and poison dart frogs. Many snakes and insects in the rainforest are extremely poisonous. This is why explorers are afraid to enter the forest for experiments or exploring. There are many herbivore species, such as sloths, giant river otters, toucans, and macaws. The Amazon River is the home of many crocodiles, alligators, and piranhas. The largest mammal of the Amazon forest is the South American Tapir. They are the descendant of the Eocene, which is now extinct. The Eocene lasted 55 to 33.9 million years ago. Tapir is known to be the favorite prey of jaguars. The number of tapirs is decreasing due to illegal poaching and hunting. 

Solutions to Save the Amazon Forest's Life

The species of the Amazon forest are directly linked with the atmosphere of the world world. A balance of animal life is needed for a balanced ecosystem. The illegal hunting, poaching, and cutting down of trees are resulting in climate disasters within the forests and the rest of the world. The accidental fires in the forest due to mining and urban construction are destroying trees and animal lives. Humans must save forest life to control the ecosystem and climate. If the atmospheric level of the world is hassled and goes out of control, the world will be under a dangerous climate threat. The oxygen level of the atmosphere depends on the trees of tropical forests. The animal chain also controls the climate control of the world world. The forest's illegal destruction must stop so that future climate destruction can be prevented.


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